Other books byJulian Walker
Discovering Words in the Kitchen
Throughout history, the English language has reflected social changes, trade routes, and waves of fashion. This book examines the histories of the names of foods, ingredients, utensils, drinks, cooking methods, and dishes to show how the vocabulary of English has reflected the ways speakers of the language have interacted with their tastes, their environment and other cultures. 250 words which have entered English over the past fifteen hundred years are examined, ranging from Old English adoptions from Latin via French, to U.S. adoptions from Chinese. Changes of spelling and meaning and disagreements about the history of the words are discussed, supported by references within the text to authoritative food historians and dictionary writers from Johnson and Webster to the most recent publications.
For 1500 years English has built new words or taken them from other languages and changed their form and often their meaning to make them the words we use today. When we explore the journeys, arrivals and changes of these words, they present us with some extraordinary stories. School for example, comes indirectly from the Greek word for leisure, and lord is made from Old English words meaning keeper of bread. This book presents the histories of some common words, showing how they have arrived at their present use and form. Entries are grouped into nearly twenty subject areas, such as home, transport, food; for each word the author shows how it was built from existing words, or how a root word in another language has been taken borrowed by English at a given point in history. Some of the voyages are via many other languages, some direct; some of them are extraordinary, some deceptively simple. Changes of spelling and meaning over time are presented, and where there are disagreements about where a word has come from these are discussed. The material is presented clearly and simply, and is supported by references within the text to previous writers and dictionaries.
The First World War largely directed the course of the twentieth century. Fought on three continents, the war saw 14 million killed and 34 million wounded, countless millions of people displaced and the ends and beginnings of several states. Its impact shaped the world we live in today, and the language of the trenches, the common speech of the participants, continues to live in the modern consciousness. One of the enduring myths of the First World War is that the experience of the trenches was not talked about. Yet dozens of words entered or became familiar in the English language as a direct result of the soldiers' experiences. This book looks at how the first-hand and second-hand experience of the First World War changed the English language, adding words that were both in slang and standard military use, and modifying the usage and connotations of existing words and phrases. Illustrated with material from the authors' collections and photographs of the objects of war, the book will look at how the words emerged into everyday language.